Farmer/Farm Manager Kaiahuwhenua/Kaiwhakahaere Pāmu

Farmers/farm managers manage and work on farms. Farmers own or lease the land, while farm managers operate farms for farm owners.

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Farmers/farm managers may do some or all of the following:

  • buy and sell stock, and manage stock-breeding programmes
  • provide food, care and shelter for animals
  • herd and shift stock
  • handle and train farm dogs
  • maintain and repair farm equipment such as vehicles and machinery
  • hire and supervise workers such as shepherds and shearing gangs
  • buy feed, machinery and other farming materials
  • maintain and clean farm buildings, yards and fences
  • manage financial and farming records and accounts.

Physical Requirements

Farmers/farm managers need a reasonable level of fitness and stamina, as they spend a lot of time walking around farmland, tending to animals, and carrying out maintenance. Good health is also important.

Useful Experience

Useful experience for farmers/farm managers includes:

  • any type of farm or farm management work
  • animal-handling work
  • driving tractors and using machinery
  • engineering work such as welding
  • shearing
  • work as a stock and station agent – buying or selling sheep, cattle or deer
  • managing others.

Personal Qualities

Farmers/farm managers need to be:

  • confident and caring with animals
  • hard-working and responsible
  • independent
  • adaptable
  • practical and good at solving problems
  • good communicators and managers
  • well organised, with good planning skills.

Useful Experience

Useful experience for farmers/farm managers includes:

  • any type of farm or farm management work
  • animal-handling work
  • driving tractors and using machinery
  • engineering work such as welding
  • shearing
  • work as a stock and station agent – buying or selling sheep, cattle or deer
  • managing others.

Subject Recommendations

At least three years' secondary school education is recommended. Useful subjects include agriculture, horticulture, maths, accounting, biology, business studies and science.

Farmer/Farm Managers can earn around $65K per year per year.

Chances of getting a job as a Farmer/Farm Manager are good due to a shortage of people interested in this type of work.

Farm managers may progress to a business/operations management role where they:

  • are responsible for meeting overall business goals
  • manage multiple farms.

They may also progress to own a farm. Becoming a farmer depends on gaining a high level of practical and managerial skills, and raising enough money to buy or lease property.

Farmers/farm managers usually specialise in a role such as:

Beef Cattle Farmer
Beef cattle farmers breed, raise and care for beef cattle to produce meat and breeding stock.
Dairy Cattle Farmer
Dairy farmers feed, care for and milk herds of cows on farms.
Deer Farmer
Deer farmers breed, raise and care for deer to produce meat, velvet, hides and breeding stock.
Goat Farmer
Goat farmers breed, raise and care for goats to produce wool, milk, meat and breeding stock.
Pig Farmer
Pig farmers raise and care for pigs to produce meat and breeding stock.
Poultry Farmer
Poultry farmers raise and care for chickens or other poultry to produce meat, and/or keep hens to produce table eggs (for eating) or fertile eggs (for hatching).
Sheep Farmer
Sheep farmers breed, raise and care for sheep to produce wool, meat and breeding stock.
Farmer/Farm Manager

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